Effects of salinity stress on chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) landraces during early growth stage
Keywords:Seedling, Salinity, Chickpea landrace
Background: Salinity is one of the most serious abiotic stresses for crop plant growth. Chickpea grows under a wide range of climatic conditions and highly sensitive to salt stress. To determine the most tolerant genotype to salinity stress, an experiment was done as factorial form under completely block design (CRD) with three replications.
Methods: The experimental treatments were four NaCl salinity levels (0, 5dS/m, 10dS/m and 15dS/m) and five chickpea landraces (Dadi, Dido, Dida, Dimi and Soya).
Results: Results indicated that significant was observed in root length, shoot length, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root dry weight, seedling shoot and root reduction traits in stress conditions. Dimi, Dido and Dadi were showed that high reduction in root length, shoot length, root length, shoot fresh weight, root fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root dry weight, seedling root and shoot in salinity conditions, respectively. The ANOVA for landraces and their interaction was found to be highly significant at (p<0.001) and (p<0.05) with all parameters. Landraces Dimi, Dido and Dadi were found salt tolerant but Soya was highly salt sensitive during seedling growth stage. Shoot dry weight had the most positive and significant correlation with root dry weight (r =0.987**). Seedling shoot reduction depicted a negative and significant correlation with total dry matter (r =-0.734**).Conclusions: This study indicated that developing genetic variability by identifying salt tolerant landrace is one of the appropriate strategies used to overcome salinity problem in arid and semi-arid areas.
Roy F, Boye J, Simpson B. Bioactive proteins and peptides in pulse crops: Pea, chickpea and lentil. Food Res Int. 2010;43:432-42.
Varshney RK, Hiremath PJ, Lekha P, Kashiwagi J, Balaji J, Deokar AA, et al. A comprehensive resource of drought- and salinity- responsive ESTs for gene discovery and marker development in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). BMC Genomics. 2009;10:523-41.
Moud M, Maghsoudi K. Physiology of plant tolerance to salinity. World J Agric Sci. 2008;4:351-8.
Pujol JA, Calvo JF, Ramírez-Díaz L. Recovery of germination from different osmotic conditions by four halophytes from southeastern Spain. Ann Bot. 2000;85:279-86.
Flowers TJ, Gaur PM, Gowda CLL, Krishnamurthy L, Samineni S, Siddique KHM, et al. Salt sensitivity in chickpea. Plant, cell and Environment, 2009;33:490-509.
Geressu K, Gezahagne M. Response of some lowland growing sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) accessions to salt stress during germination and seedling growth. Afr J Agric Res. 2008;3(1):44-8.
Ahmed, S. Effect of soil salinity on the yield and yield Components of mungbean. Pakistan J Botany 2009;41(1):263-8.
Azhar MF, McNeilly T. Variability for salt tolerance in Sorghumn bicolor (L.) Moench under hydroponic conditions. J Agronomy Crop Sci. 1987;159:269-77.
Kaydan D, Yagmur M. Germination, seedling growth and relative water content of shoot in different seed sizes of triticale under osmotic stress of water and NaCl. Afr J Biotechnol. 2008;7(16):2862-8.
Islam, MM, Karim MA. The Agriculturists., 2010;8(2);57-65.
Singh KB, Bejiga G, Malhotra RS. Association of some traits with seed yield in chickpea collections. J Euphytica. 1990;49:83-8.
Kafi M, Bagheri A, Nabati J, Zare Mehrjerdi M, Masomi A. Effect of salinity on some physiological variables of 11chickpea genotypes under hydroponic conditions. J Sci Technol Greenhouse Culture-Isfahan Univ Technol. 2011;1:55-70.
Demir M, Arif I. Effects of different soil salinity levels on germination and seedling growth of safflower (Carthamus tinctorius). Turk J Agric. 2003;27:221-7.
Misra N, Dwivedi UN. Genotypic difference in salinity tolerance of green grain cultivars. Plant Sci. 2004;166:1135-42.
Mudgal V, Madaan N, Mudgal A, Mishra S. Changes in growth and metabolic profile of Chickpea under salt stress. J Appl Biosci. 2009;23:1436-46.
Millan T, Clarke HJ, Siddique KHM, Buhariwala HK, Gaur PM, Kumar JK, et al. Chickpea molecular breeding: New tools and concepts. Euphytica. 2006;147:81–103.
Manivannan P, Jaleel CA, Kishorekumar A, Sankar B, Somasundaram R, Sridharan R, et al. Changes in antioxidant metabolism of Vigna unguiculata L. Walp. by propiconazole under water deficit stress. Colloids Surf B: Biointerf. 2007;57:69-74.
Shamsi K, Kobraee S, Haghparast R. Drought stress mitigation using supplemental irrigation in rainfed chickpea (Cicer aretinum L.) varieties in Kermanshah, Iran. Afr J Biotech. 2010;9(27):4197-203.
Rahman MU, Soomro UA, Zahoor-ul-Haq M, Gul S. Effects of NaCl Salinity on Wheat (Triticumaestivum L.) Cultivars. World J Agric Sci. 2008;4(3):398-403.
Ali MA, Nawab NN, Abbas A, Zulkiffal M, Sajjad M. Evaluation of selection criteria in Cicer arietinum L. using correlation coefficients and path analysis. Austr J Crop Sci. 2009;3:65-70.
Islam MM, Ismail MR, Ashrafuzzaman M, Shamsuzzaman KM, Islam MM. Evaluation of chickpea lines/mutants for growth and yield attributes. Int J Agri Biol. 2008;10:493-8.
Serrano R, Culianz-Macia F, Moreno V. Genetic engineering of salt and drought tolerance with yeast regulatory genes. Scientia Horticulturae 1999;78:261-9.