Magnitude of repair failure and associated factors among women undergone obstetric fistula repair in Bahir Dar Hamlin Fistula Center, Amhara Region, Northwest Ethiopia
Keywords:Fistula repair failure, Pregnant women, Bahir Dar
Background: Globally, prevention and repair of obstetric fistula remains a challenge, Ethiopia is one of the high-burden countries that constitute to the high fistula belt in the world.
Methods: Cross sectional study was conducted from 1st April 2018 to 1st May 2018 on women who had undergone obstetric fistula repair from 1st January 2013 to 30th December 2017. Systematic sampling technique was applied to select a total of 385 study participants. Data were collected by reviewing clients’ cards using pre-tested questionnaire. Binary and multivariate logistic regression was conducted using SPSS version 21.0 statistical software.
Results: The magnitude of fistula repair failure was 35.3%. Women weighing <50 kgs (AOR=3.43, 95% CI: 1.89, 6.23), home delivery (AOR=2.40, 95%CI: 1.38, 4.18), labour for >2 days (AOR=3.22, 95%CI: 1.75,5.91), >3 cm width of fistula (AOR=2.30, 95%Cl 1.27, 4.17), grade three fistula (AOR=3.26, 95%CI: 1.29, 8.27), grade four fistula (AOR=9.76, 95%CI: 3.71, 25.67), complete destruction of bladder neck (AOR=2.70, 95%CI: 1.07, 6.66) and post operation infection (AOR=2.98, 95%CI: 1.56, 5.70) were associated factors with fistula repair failure at p value <0.05.
Conclusions: Caution should be taken for obstetric fistula repairing women who presented with less than 50 kg, home delivered, greater than two days labour, greater than 3 cm width of fistula, grade 3 and 4 fistulas, complete destruction of the bladder neck and post-operative infection.
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