Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in type 2 diabetic patients
Keywords:Diabetes mellitus, Metabolic syndrome, Dyslipidemia, Hypertension
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and diabetes mellitus concurrently potentiates a number of risk factors, significantly higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases. Numerous risk factors associated with diabetes gets intensified by the presence of metabolic syndrome. Diabetes and metabolic syndrome together can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by 2 to 4 folds. The main objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of MetS in type 2 diabetic mellitus (T2DM) patients. Components of metabolic syndrome were measured and compared to determine the prevalence.
Methods: Hospital based cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2019 to December 2019 at star hospital and modern technical college, Sanepa, Nepal. A total number of 353 patients with T2DM visiting star hospital were included in the study.
Results: Among 353 participants, MetS was diagnosed in 242 (68.5%) participants using NCEP-ATP III criteria. The prevalence of MetS was 68.5% among which male were 123 (76.3%) and female were 119 (61.9%). MetS was found to be highest in age group of 50-59 years with 34.2% (83) participants. Dyslipidemia with raised TG (triglyceride) 71.4% and reduced HDL 76% was found to be most prevalent component in our study followed by hypertension 73.1%.
Conclusions: 68.5% prevalence of MetS in T2DM with 76.3% male and 61.9% female according to NCEP-ATP III was found with anthropometric indices significantly higher in the male population compared to female population.
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