International Journal of Scientific Reports 2024-06-25T18:36:06+0530 Editor Open Journal Systems <p>International Journal of Scientific Reports is an open access, international, peer-reviewed multidisciplinary science and technology journal. The journal's full text is available online at International Journal of Scientific Reports is dedicated to publishing research from all areas of science and technology. The journal has a broad coverage of Medical sciences, Dental sciences, Physiotherapy, Biological sciences, Pharmaceutical sciences, Earth and environmental sciences, Physical sciences. International Journal of Scientific Reports is one of the fastest communication journals and articles are published online within short time after acceptance of manuscripts. The types of articles accepted include original research articles, review articles, editorial, news, case reports, short communications, correspondence, images, problem solving, perspectives and new updates. It is published monthly and available in print and online version.</p> <p><em><strong>Aims and scope</strong></em></p> <p><strong>Biological sciences</strong></p> <p>Cancer, Structural biology, Biophysics, Zoology, Systems biology, Evolution, Biological techniques, Stem cells, Neuroscience, Genetics, Microbiology, Biotechnology, Computational biology and bioinformatics, Physiology, Biochemistry, Psychology, Ecology, Developmental biology, Drug discovery, Plant sciences, Chemical biology, Molecular biology, Immunology, Cell biology</p> <p><strong>Health sciences</strong></p> <p>Pathogenesis, Risk factors, Biomarkers, Diseases, Signs and symptoms, Anatomy, Medical research, Health care, Health occupations, Dental sciences, Physiotherapy, Pharmaceutical sciences</p> <p><strong>Earth and environmental sciences</strong></p> <p>Planetary science, Environmental sciences, Environmental social sciences, Ecology, Climate sciences, Solid Earth sciences</p> <p><strong>Physical sciences</strong></p> <p>Optics and photonics, Astronomy and planetary science, Nanoscience and technology, Mathematics and computing, Materials science, Chemistry, Engineering, Physics</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Print ISSN:</strong> 2454-2156</p> <p><strong>Online ISSN:</strong> 2454-2164</p> <p><strong>Issues: 12 per year</strong></p> <p><strong>Email:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> <p><strong>Publisher:</strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Medip Academy</strong></a></p> <p><strong>DOI prefix: 10.18203</strong></p> <p>Medip Academy is a member of Publishers International Linking Association, Inc. 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Techane Belayneh S. Workneh Alebachew F. Zegeye Bewuket Terefe Tadesse T. Tamir Enyew G. Mekonen <p>Birth trauma is one of the most common causes of neonatal mortality in a resource-limited country. However, there is no national evidence on the magnitude and associated factors of neonatal birth trauma in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate pooled prevalence of neonatal birth trauma and its association with birth-weight and instrumental delivery in the Ethiopian context. PubMed, Scopus, CINAHIL, Cochrane library and Google Scholar were used to search significant articles. Suitable search terms were developed and used to retrieve studies from databases. Searching was limited to cohort, cross-sectional, and case-control studies conducted in Ethiopia and published in English language. Critical appraisal was conducted by using Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument (JBI-MAStARI). Heterogeneity across the included studies was evaluated by using the inconsistency index (I<sup>2</sup>) test. STATA™ version 11 software was used to conduct the meta-analysis. A total of 7 studies with 4063 study participants were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The overall pooled prevalence of neonatal birth trauma in Ethiopia was 13.4% (95% CI; (10.86, 15.95). instrumental delivery and ABO large birth weight were significantly associated with the prevalence of neonatal birth trauma. The national pooled prevalence of neonatal birth trauma was found to be high in Ethiopia. Instrumental delivery and large birth-weight were significantly associated with neonatal birth trauma in Ethiopia. Thus, it is better to give strong obstetric care during the use instrumental delivery.</p> 2024-06-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports Body dysmorphic disorder-is reflection your worst enemy: a review 2024-02-12T20:28:25+0530 Mubashir Mohiuddin Muhammad H. Shuja Abeera F. Abbasi <p>Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterized by an intense and debilitating fixation on imagined or minor physical flaws. Despite the prevalence of BDD in society, there is a paucity of evidence regarding its impact on medical students in literature. To bridge this gap, this article seeks to present an overview of the current research on BDD and its prevalence among medical students in Pakistan. Additionally, the article will explore various treatment approaches that have shown effectiveness in managing BDD, with a particular focus on cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy.</p> 2024-06-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports Poland syndrome: a case report 2024-04-16T17:29:22+0530 Debajani Deka Bipul Kumar Das <p>Poland syndrome is characterized by the absence or hypoplasia of other chest muscles: small pectoral muscle, anterior tightened muscle, grandorsal muscle, and deltoid muscle. Anomalies of the thoracic cage: agenesis or hypoplasia of one or more costal segments, pectus carinatum, excavatum, clavicular hypoplasia, pulmonary herniation. Abnormalities of the mammary region: agenesis or hypoplasia of the breast, areola and nipple. The reported incidence of Poland’s syndrome ranges from 1 in 7,000 to 1 in 100,000. Males are affected more frequently by a 2:1 to 3:1 ratio Poland’s syndrome has also been diagnosed in 1 of 19,000 mammograms. The right side of the body was found to be involved in 60% to 75% of patients - associated malformations: genitourinary malformations, cardiac malformation, hepatic and biliary tract malformations. Case report Our case involves a 7-month-old boy with no medical history of cardiac or respiratory complaints. This is a male child with around 65cm height, and 7kg weight. There is no family history of consanguineous marriage and no family history of congenital anomalies. All siblings are alive and healthy. The child’s milestones are within normal limits. There is aplasia of the right sternocostal head and clavicular heads and abdominal head of the pectoralis major muscle, there is a hypoplasia of the right nipple and breast and absence of subcutaneous fat on the same side. Ribs are visible on the right chest wall. Physical examination shows no history of hand and digit anomaly and no rib anomalies. Chest wall asymmetry with right chest wall showing depression on axillary floor. The anterior axillary fold is absent. On attempting abduction of the shoulder, it shows the absence of the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major.</p> 2024-06-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports Leptospirosis-induced transverse myelitis and multiorgan failure: an uncommon manifestation in non-epidemic setting 2024-06-25T15:50:20+0530 Muhammad Hamza Gul Aisha Siddiqui Farina Fatima Siddiqui Waqas Ahmad Abdul Baseer Wardak Yugam Rajeshkumar Oza <p>Leptospirosis is a disease that can be transmitted from animals to humans. It is caused by a bacterium called Leptospira interrogans and is more common in tropical and subtropical regions. Despite being the most neglected tropical disease, it is a significant emerging and re-emerging disease, according to recent reports and reviews by the World Health Organization (WHO). Leptospirosis is widespread among humans and animals globally, and it is estimated that there are 1.03 million cases and 58,900 deaths annually, with a case fatality rate of 6.85%. Acute transverse myelitis (TM) is a rare neurological disease that affects the spinal cord. It is caused by various autoimmune reactions and is usually limited to several spinal cord segments. It has a poor prognosis. Our case report presents a unique situation where a patient developed multiorgan failure due to leptospirosis and also had a rare co-presentation of transverse myelitis.</p> 2024-06-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports Ethambutol induced subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus in an elderly female with co-morbidities 2024-06-25T16:01:05+0530 Priyanka Wadhwa Vaishnavi Modi Arushi Suri Krishna D. Barman Varuna Mallya Tanvi Dev <p>Papulosquamous lesions in an elderly female with multiple co-morbidities often pose diagnostic challenge. We present an interesting case of anti-tubercular treatment (ATT) induced sub-acute cutaneous lupus erythematosus. The patient presented with papulosquamous lesions in generalised distribution, which showed interface dermatitis on histopathology. The serology for anti-nuclear antibodies, anti-Ro and anti-La was positive. The rash resolved spontaneously after stopping all the suspected drugs. Oral provocation was performed with first line anti-tubercular drugs and ethambutol was found to be the culprit drug, which was later confirmed by reappearance of skin rash by inadvertent ingestion of one dose of ethambutol by the patient.</p> 2024-06-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports Explanation based on thermodynamic parameters regarding effect of sensing film thickness and amount of graphene oxide on sensor performance in aniline, N-phenylglycine and graphene oxide based electrochemical heavy metal ion sensor 2024-05-15T00:03:46+0530 Kusumita Dutta Siddhartha Panda <p><strong>Background: </strong>To construct a heavy metal ion sensor, selectivity and sensitivity are the key important parameters to be taken care of. In our earlier work, film thickness and amount of graphene oxide (GO) content in a novel composite ANGO, synthesized from aniline, N-phenylglycine and GO was varied and sensing parameters including sensitivity, limit of detection (LOD), thermodynamic parameter which includes -∆G<sub>ad</sub> and charge transport parameter including barrier width (BW), d, of charge transfer based on Simmon’s model were evaluated and compared and an LOD of 800 ppt for Cd<sup>2+</sup> was achieved using square wave voltammetry (SWV) withstanding interference from several ions.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>In this work, thermodynamic factors such as -∆G<sub>ad</sub>, ∆H, reorganization energy, partition coefficient and solvated ionic radius were used to explain the sensor performance with respect to film thickness and amount of GO. All the parameters were analyzed for different film thicknesses and amount of GO and a correlation was achieved. Finally, effect of electrochemical surface area of different polyaniline-based material on thermodynamic properties of detection process of Cd<sup>2+</sup> was studied. </p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The variation of the thermodynamic properties for Cd<sup>2+</sup> sensing with respect to film thickness and amount of GO were examined. Similarly, variation of thermodynamic properties for polyaniline based different sensing materials were examined. Correlation coefficients were developed from the thermodynamic parameters and the d values to explain the underlying mechanism behind improved sensor performance. </p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>This study can provide information on the thermodynamic properties which can be predicted from BW technique. The correlation coefficients would help in designing polyaniline based novel sensing film material with the need of lesser number of experiments.</p> 2024-06-03T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports Predictors of immediate postpartum anemia among singleton postpartum women, Dire Dawas, Ethiopia: hospital based cross sectional study 2024-06-25T15:25:39+0530 Asma B. Beshir Aminu M. Yasin Mickiale H. Tekle Daniel T. Asegid <p><strong>Background:</strong> Immediate postpartum anemia is a condition where hemoglobin concentrations are lower than normal, which complicates maternal lives, including death. But so far, studies across Ethiopia have been inconsistent and lacking in the study area. Therefore, this study was aimed at assessing the magnitude and predictors of immediate postpartum anemia among singleton postpartum women which could help in interventions.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2022 in the public hospitals in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. Participants were selected using a systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and medical card review, entered into EPI DATA (version 3.1) and analyzed using statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) (version 22). A p value of 0.05 or less at multivariate with 95% confidence intervals was considered statistically significant. &nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Of 476 participants, 26.9% had immediate postpartum anemia and significantly associated with lack of formal education (AOR=3.01, 95% CI: 1.12–8.08), unemployment (AOR=2.72, 95% CI: 1.02–7.21), number of ANC visits (AOR=2.40, 95% CI: 1.32–4.30), instrumental delivery (AOR=3.70, 95% CI: 1.952–6.86), pre-delivery anemia (AOR=2.96, 95% CI: 1.48–5.91), gastro-intestinal parasites (AOR=3.23, 95% CI: 1.37–7.59), low dietary diversity (AOR=3.10, 95% CI: 1.65–5.79), and no iron supplementation during pregnancy (AOR=2.69, 95% CI:1.10–6.58).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Almost one in four singleton postpartum women had immediate postpartum anemia. Findings indicate a public health problem and interventions need on risk factors.</p> 2024-06-25T00:00:00+0530 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Scientific Reports