DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20221590
Published: 2022-06-23

Ectopic kidney: a rare case presentation

Anubhuti Jain, Archana Shrivastava, Reeni Malik

Abstract


The ectopic kidneys are a rare developmental disorder. The ectopic kidneys are the result of the cessation of normal migration. The incidence of ectopic kidney is 1/12,000 clinical cases and 1/900 post-mortem cases. Such kidneys may be asymptomatic, show vague symptoms, or remain undetected for life. However, early detection of ectopic kidneys can prevent long-term complications. Here were present a case of 17-year-old adolescent with an ectopic kidney presented with an episode of intermittent pain in her left umbilical region for one year. A physical examination revealed a tender lump in the umbilical region of the abdomen. The USG showed a mass on the left side of the umbilical region, which could be an ectopic kidney. Computer tomography showed an ectopic kidney in the midline of the umbilical region. In addition, DTPA scans of the kidney showed that the left kidney showed inadequate function with delayed upper inflow tract. Urinalysis revealed urinary tract infection. Patient had mild degree of anaemia with low serum iron levels. The ectopic kidney was removed and sent to us in our lab. Histo-pathological examination was done and it revealed normal parenchyma of kidney. Ectopic kidneys should be included in the differential diagnosis in patients with abdominal pain and palpable lump in the abdomen. Early detection can prevent long term complications.


Keywords


Ectopic kidney, Umbilical, Calculi, Nephrectomy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Guarino N, Tadini B, Camardi P, Silvestro L, Lace R, Bianchi M. The incidence of associated urological abnormalities in children with renal ectopia. J Urol. 2004;172:1757e9.

Gleason PE, Kelalis PP, Husmann DA, Kramer SA. Hydronephrosis in renal ectopia: incidence, etiology and significance. J Urol. 1994;151:1660e1.

Macksood MJ, James RE. Giant hydrocephalus in ectopic kidney in a child. Urology. 1983;22:532e5.

Malek RS, Kelalis PP, Burke EC. Ectopic kidney in children and frequency of association with other malformations. Mayo Clin Proc. 1971;46:461e2.

Patricia K, Donahoe W, Hardy H. Pelvic kidney in infants and children: experience with 16 cases. J Pediatr Surg. 1980;15:486e95.

Ward JN, Nathanson B, Draper JW. The pelvic kidney. J Urol. 1965;94:36e9.

Kelalis PP, Culp OS, Stickler GB, Burke EC. Ureteropelvic obstruction in children: experiences with 109 cases. J Pediatr Surg. 1979;14:844e7.

Meizner I, Yitzhak M, Levi A, Barki Y, Barnhard Y, Glezerman M. Fetal pelvic kidney: a challenge in prenatal diagnosis? Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1995;5:391-3.

Rodriguez MM. Congenital anomalies of the kidney and the urinary tract (CAKUT) Fetal Pediatr Pathol. 2014;33:293-320.

Halalsheh O, Ghawanmeh HM, Alshammari A. Upper Tract Urothelial Carcinoma in Ectopic Pelvic Kidney. Urol Case Rep. 2017;11:42-3.

Lu CC, Tain YL, Yeung KW, Tiao MM. Ectopic pelvic kidney with urinary tract infection presenting as lower abdominal pain in a child. Pediatr Neonatol. 2011;52(2):117-20.