Finger and palmar dermatoglyphics in diabetic subjects: a study in a Nigeria teaching hospital


  • Chuks Luke Anyanwu Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • Uwaifoh Akpamu Gastrointestinal Inflammation and Secretion Research Unit, Department of Physiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • Moses Odion Eromosele Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
  • Osakpolor Glad Odia Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria



Dermatoglyphics, Digitopalmer print, Diabetic patients


Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate digito-palmer print among diabetic patients visiting Irrua specialist teaching hospital (ISTH), Irrua Edo State, Nigeria.

Methods: Using standard procedures of the ink method, the finger prints of both hands were obtained and palm photographed were taken from clinically diagnosed diabetic patients. The data were analyzed using SPSS (version 21) and results presented in tables.

Results: The mean age of the patients was 59.64±9.73 years with 64% females. In the right hand the arch finger print was prevalent on the thumb and loop on the little, middle and ring fingers. In the left hand, the arch print was prevalent on the thumb, index and middle fingers. There was no significance between gender on the distribution of the various finger print patterns except in the right middle finger where females were significantly more likely (p<0.05) to present the loop finger print. The 310-palm print was prevalent in the right and left hands of the diabetic patients with 60% chances of symmetric. Female subjects were more likely to present the 310-palm print compare with male in both hands. The 311 point of origin, intercept and cross (PIC) was absent in the right palm of the male and absent on the left palm of the female.

Conclusions: It appears that there exists a variation in the dermatoglyphic patterns in diabetic patients. However, there is a need for larger population-based studies to standardize the parameters and translate the findings into clinical and public health practice.


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