DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20160086

Utilization of reversible long acting family planning methods among married 15-49 years women in Areka town, Southern Ethiopia

Mulugeta Yohannis Kabalo

Abstract


Background: Utilization of family planning can improve the means of people in poverty. Long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods in particular can considerably reduce the level of unwanted pregnancy as well as maternal mortality and morbidity more in developing countries. Thus, study was conducted with the aim of assessing the level of LARC utilization and associated factors among married women (15-49) in Areka town, Southern Ethiopia.

Methods: Community based cross-sectional study was conducted in a total of 357 women within the study area. Population proportion to size was used to assign sample to kebele and participates were selected by systematic random sampling technique from randomly selected kebeles. Data collection was conducted by trained data collectors, using structured and pretested questionnaire. Finally, data entered, cleaned, and analysed in SPSS 16.

Results: The utilization of LARC was 106(29.7%) of study participants. Particularly, LARCs utilization were 81(22.7%) for implants and 25(7.0%), Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD). Statistically, LARC utilization was (AOR=2.47 at 95%CI (1.24-4.90)) times likely among 26-36 aged mothers compared to 15-24 age groups. Government employed mothers were (AOR=2.59 at 95%CI (1.39-4.79)) times probable to use LARC compared to merchants. Hence, maternal education and occupation were the independent predictors of LARC utilization as the principal findings of this study.

Conclusions: Enormous extent of unmet need exist in utilization of LARC within the study area. Mothers’ age and occupation were significantly associated with its utilization. Therefore, health promotion activities on the benefits of LARC need to be undertaken to increase awareness and usage of these contraceptives.

Keywords


Long acting reversible contraceptives, Married women, Areka town, Utilization

Full Text:

PDF

References


USAID. Addressing Unmet Need for Family Planning in Africa: The Case for Long-Acting and Permanent Methods. Pan African medical journal, 2005.

Abajobir AA. Intention to use Long-acting and Permanent Family Planning Methods among Married 15-49 years Women in Debremarkos Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Family Medicine &Medical Science Research. 2014;6(8).

Dida N, Darega B, Takele A. Reproductive health services utilization and its associated factors among Madawalabu University students, Southeast Ethiopia: cross-sectional study. BMC Research Notes. 2015;8(8).

Gudaynhe SW, Zegeye DT, Asmamaw T. Factors Affecting the use of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Methods among Married Women in Debre Markos Town, Northwest Ethiopia. 2013;13(3).

Mussie Alemayehu, and TB, Tilahun T. Factors associated with utilization of long acting and permanent contraceptive methods among married women of reproductive age in Mekelle town, Tigray region, north Ethiopia. 2012;26(6).

Hailay Gebremichael, Fisaha Haile, Dessie A. Acceptance of long acting contraceptive methods and associated factors among women in Mekelle city, Northern Ethiopia. journal of public health. 2013;12(7).

Siraha P. The reasons for low utilization of long acting contraceptives amongst hiv positive women at harare post-test support services clinic, Zimbabwe, Assignment presented for the degree of Masters of Philosophy (HIV/ AIDS Management) in the Faculty of Economic Management Sciences at Stellenbosch University; 2014.

Health. D. Wolaita Zone Health Department. Annual report 2014.

Bulto GA, Zewdie TA, Beyen TK. Demand for long acting and permanent contraceptive methods and associated factors among married women of reproductive age group in Debre Markos Town, North West Ethiopia. BMC. BMC Womens Health. 2014;14(1):46.

Finer LB, Jerman J, Kavanaugh ML. Changes in use of long-acting contraceptive methods in the U.S., 2007–2009. Fertil Steril. 2012;98(4):893-7

Jarso H, Workicho A, Alemseged F. Survival status and predictors of mortality in severely malnourished children admitted to Jimma University Specialized Hospital from 2010 to 2012, Jimma, Ethiopia: a retrospective longitudinal study. BMC Pediatrics. 2015;15(76).

Gudaynhe SW, Zegeye DT, Asmamaw T, Kibret GD. Factors Affecting the use of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Methods among Married Women in Debre Markos Town, Northwest Ethiopia 2013. Global Journal of Medical Research: E Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2014;14.

Mota K, Reddy S, Getachew B. Unmet need of long-acting and permanent family planning methods among women in the reproductive age group in shashemene town, Oromia region, Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Womens Health. 2015;15:51.

Muluken D, Muluneh Y. Status of modern contraceptive method among maried womens of debre berhan town African journal. 2014;6(10):316-26.

Abajobir AA. Intention to use Long-acting and Permanent Family Planning Methods among Married 15-49 years Women in Debremarkos Town, Northwest Ethiopia. Family Medicine & Medical Science Research. 2014;3(4).

Tewodros B, Maria A, Dibaba Y. Factors affecting antenatal care utilization in yem special woreda, southwestern ethiopia Ethiop J Health Sci. 2009;19(1).

Fredsted Villadsen S, Negussie D, GebreMariam A, Tilahun A, Frii H, Rasch AV. Antenatal care strengthening for improved quality of care in Jimma, Ethiopia: an effectiveness study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15(360).

Gebremariam A, Addissie A. Intention to use long acting and permanent contraceptive methods and factors affecting it among married women in Adigrat town, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Reproductive Health. 2014;11(24).