Myoid hamartoma of breast: a rare case report with review of literature
Keywords:Mammary hamatroma, Myoid hamartoma, Breast lump, BIRADS
Myoid hamartomas of breast are extremely rare lesions with poorly defined pathogenesis. They are composed of differentiated mammary glandular and stromal structures with areas of smooth muscle differentiation. They are postulated to arise from walls of the blood vessels and/or muscularis mammillae of the areolae. They usual present as a well demarcated lump and it is difficult to diagnose them on clinical and radiological basis. Diagnosis requires demonstration of smooth muscle phenotype using immunohistochemistry by smooth muscle actin and desmin. Surgical resection is the curative treatment. We reported a case of myoid hamartoma in a 50-year-old postmenopausal lady with its clinical, radiological and histopathological discussion. The lesion presented as a painless lump and was initially reported as BIRADS 4a on mammography. Apart from the stroma showing spindle cell component with smooth muscle differentiation, the histopathology also showed epithelial changes including epithelial hyperplasia and columnar cell change.
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