Photostability of avobenzone in a commercial sunscreen SPF 50 with the addition of quencher upon sun exposure

Authors

  • Siltiwi Mandar Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Putri Wulandari Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Vivin Firman Savitri Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Hermansyah Aziz Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Refilda Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Andalas University, Padang, Indonesia
  • Yani Rahmawati Paragon Technology and Innovation Inc., Jakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20231801

Keywords:

Sunscreen, UV filter, Photostability of avobenzone, Quencher

Abstract

Background: Sunscreen can prevent acute and chronic skin damage, acute skin damage includes the burning effect that is felt on the skin, chronic skin damage due to exposure to UV A and UV B rays, namely skin cancer. Avobenzone is a UV filter that is often used but is unstable when exposed to sunlight, for this reason a quencher is added as an avobenzone photostabilizer in commercial sunscreen SPF 50.

Methods: Photostability of avobenzone sunscreen formula SPF 50 before and after adding the quencher was tested in the sun using a quartz plate, then analyzed using UV vis spectrophotometer and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).

Results: Testing using a UV vis spectrophotometer, SPF 50 sunscreen with the addition of solastay S1® is the best quencher because it can reduce the photodegradation of avobenzone compared to octocrylene, polycrylene (Polyester-8) and Sinoxyl HSS® (trimethoxybenzylidene pentanedione). FSOL2 is the best formula than FSOL1 and FSOL3 because it is more photostable in reducing avobenzone photodegradation. Follow-up testing with HPLC, FSOL2 can retain 50.56% avobenzone after 120 min of sun exposure.

Conclusions: The addition of solastay as a quencher is proven to reduce the photodegradation of avobenzone under sunlight.

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Published

2023-06-26

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Section

Original Research Articles