Prevalence and associated risk factors of neglected tropical diseases in the Amhara region, Ethiopia

Authors

  • Mengesha W. Tegegne Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Science, Kebri Dehar University, Somali Region, Ethiopia
  • Destaw Damtie Department of Biology, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20240445

Keywords:

Amhara region, Disease, Neglected tropical diseases, Prevalence, Risk factors

Abstract

This systematic review analyzed the prevalence of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) and associated risk factors in the Amhara region. Thirty-one articles from 2012 to 2022 were examined, and data analysis was conducted using STATA version 17. The overall NTD prevalence in Amhara was 29.9% (95% CI: 23.32–36.47). The highest prevalences were observed for soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) at 37.86% (95% CI=27.57–48.15), Schistosoma at 37.77% (95% CI=16.90–58.61), scabies at 24.28% (95% CI=6.42-42.15), and trachoma at 19.55% (95% CI=13.38–25.72). Prevalence varied across zones, ranging from 6.10% (95% CI=4.33–7.87) in Awi to 46.40% (95% CI=42.90–48.80) in Bahir Dar. Factors associated with NTDs included illiteracy and raw vegetable consumption for STHs; male gender, river swimming, and contact with river water for Schistosoma; ocular discharge and fly-eye contact for trachoma; and family size >6, clothes sharing, and sleeping with scabies-infected individuals for scabies. Improved sanitation, health education, and personal hygiene are vital for controlling NTDs in the study region.

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Published

2024-02-26

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Section

Meta-Analysis