Poland syndrome: a case report


  • Debajani Deka Department of Anatomy, Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati, Assam, India
  • Bipul Kumar Das Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Guwahati, Assam, India




Poland syndrome, Cardiac, Nipple, Deltoid, Hepatic


Poland syndrome is characterized by the absence or hypoplasia of other chest muscles: small pectoral muscle, anterior tightened muscle, grandorsal muscle, and deltoid muscle. Anomalies of the thoracic cage: agenesis or hypoplasia of one or more costal segments, pectus carinatum, excavatum, clavicular hypoplasia, pulmonary herniation. Abnormalities of the mammary region: agenesis or hypoplasia of the breast, areola and nipple. The reported incidence of Poland’s syndrome ranges from 1 in 7,000 to 1 in 100,000. Males are affected more frequently by a 2:1 to 3:1 ratio Poland’s syndrome has also been diagnosed in 1 of 19,000 mammograms. The right side of the body was found to be involved in 60% to 75% of patients - associated malformations: genitourinary malformations, cardiac malformation, hepatic and biliary tract malformations. Case report Our case involves a 7-month-old boy with no medical history of cardiac or respiratory complaints. This is a male child with around 65cm height, and 7kg weight. There is no family history of consanguineous marriage and no family history of congenital anomalies. All siblings are alive and healthy. The child’s milestones are within normal limits. There is aplasia of the right sternocostal head and clavicular heads and abdominal head of the pectoralis major muscle, there is a hypoplasia of the right nipple and breast and absence of subcutaneous fat on the same side. Ribs are visible on the right chest wall. Physical examination shows no history of hand and digit anomaly and no rib anomalies. Chest wall asymmetry with right chest wall showing depression on axillary floor. The anterior axillary fold is absent. On attempting abduction of the shoulder, it shows the absence of the sternocostal head of the pectoralis major.


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Case Reports