DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20170354

Performance characteristics of male wistar rats fed graded levels of stored powdered Corchorus olitorius

Ogungbemi Kunle, S. E. Atawodi, Ishola D. Taiwo, Ishola O. Tomilayo, Ilesanmi F. Funmilayo, Arowora K. Adebisi

Abstract


Background: This study was carried out to determine the growth performance of rats fed graded levels of Corchorus olitorius supplemented diet.

Methods: Twenty male wistar rats weighing between 70g and 90g were purchased and randomly allocated into four treatment groups with graded levels of Corchorus olitorius ( 2.5%, 5% and 10%) while the control had no Corchorus olitorius. The feed intakes as well as weight change of the experimental rats were monitored for eight weeks.  

Results: The results obtained showed that the highest level of weekly feed intake and feed efficiency were recorded for animals in group fed 10% level of Corchorus olitorius supplementation when compared to other treatment groups. Similar result was observed for the weight change which can be attributed to the efficient utilization of feed consumption.

Conclusions: Therefore, it can be concluded that leaves of Corchorus olitorius are palatable and highly nutritious and can improve growth performance of rats when fed for eight weeks. 


Keywords


Corchorus olitorius, Feed intake, Feed efficiency, Weight performance, Wistar rat

Full Text:

PDF

References


Zeghichi S, Kallithraka S, Simopoulos AP. Nutritional composition of molokhia (Corchorus olitorius) and stamnagathi (Cichorium spinosum). Plants in Human Health and Nutrition policy. World Rev Nutr Diet. 2003;91:1-21.

Tulio AZ, Ose K, Chachin K, Ueda Y. Effects of storage temperatures on the postharvest quality of jute leaves (Corchorusolitorius L.). Postharvest Biol Technol. 2002;26(3):329-38.

Abu-Hadid AF, El-Shinawy MZ, El-Bethagy AS, Gaafer SA, Medany M. Studies on the production of off-season Jew’s mallow (molokhia) in Egypt. Egyptian J Hortic. 1994;21:187-193.

Matsufuji H, Sakai S, Chino M, Goda Y, Toyoda M, Takeda M. Relationship Between Cardiac Glycoside Contents and Color of Corchorusolitorius Seeds. J Health Sci. 2001;47(2):89-93.

Oboh G. Nutritive value, antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of Struchiumsparganophora leaves. J Med Food. 2006;9(2):276-80.

Chah KF, Eze CA, Emuelosi CE, Esimone CO. Antibacterial and wound healing properties of methanolic extracts of some Nigerian medicinal plants. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;104(1):164-7.

Yan L, Yee JA, Li D, McGuire MH, Thompson LU. Dietary flaxseed supplementation and experimental metastasis of melanoma cells in mice. Cancer Letters. 1998;124(2):181-6.

AOAC Official methods of analysis. 15th Association of Official Analysis Chemist, Washinton D.C. 2005: 774-784.

Pearson D. The chemical analysis of foods. 7th edition. Longman Group Ltd; 1976.

Muramtsu K. Effect of green tea catechins on plasma cholesterol level in cholesterol-fed rats. J Nut Sci Vitaminol. 1986;32(6):613-22.

Ndlovu J, Afolayan AJ. Nutritional analysis of the South African wild vegetable Corchorus olitorius L. Asian J Plant Sci. 2008;7(6):615-8.

Shitanda D, Wanjala NV. Effect of different drying methods on the quality of jute (Corchorus olitorius L.). Drying Technol. 2006;24(1):95-8.

Lyimo M, Temu RPC, Mugula JK. Identification and nutrient composition of indigenous vegetables of Tanzania. Plant Foods Human Nutr. 2003;58(1):85-92.

Antia BS, Akpan EJ, Okon PA, Umoren IU. Nutritive and anti-nutritive evaluation of sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) leaves. Pak J Nutr. 2006;5(2):166–8.

Onayade OA, Scheffer JJC, Baerheim Svendsen A. Importance of phytotherapy and screening of plants used medicinally in Africa. Planta Medica. 1990;56(6):doi: 10.1055/s-002-5459.

Adeyemi OS, Akanji MA, Oguntoye SA. Ethanolic leaf extract of Psidiumguajava: Phytochemical and trypanocidal activity in rats infected with Trypanosomabruceibrucei. Journal of medicinal plants research. 2009;3(5):420-3.