DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20170887

Knowledge and practice on over-the-counter drugs among adults of age group 20 and above residing in Chapapani-12, Pokhara, Kaski, Nepal

Dibya Sharma, Durga Gurung, Ramchandra Kafle, Sakun Singh

Abstract


Background: The incidence of usage of over-the-counter drugs is drastically increasing day by day. Over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are medicines sold directly to consumer without a prescription from health care personnel. In many countries, OTC drugs are selected by a regulatory agency to ensure that they are safe and effective when used without physician’s care. Taking OTC medicines still has risk. Some interact with other medicines, supplements, food and drinks and some causes problem for people with certain medical conditions.

Methods: A descriptive cross sectional was conducted from 1st February - 15th August 2016 among 110 among adults of age group 20 and above residing in Chapapani-12, Pokhara. A pre-tested structured questionnaire were used and data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) for windows version 18.0. Frequency, percentage, chi-square and correlation were performed.  

Results: Nearly 1/3rd of the respondents (33.6%) were of age group 20-29 years and more than half (60.9%) were female. More than half of the respondents (54%) had good knowledge and less than half (47%) had good practice of OTC. There was significant association of knowledge with age, marital status, education and monthly family income. There was significant association of practice with education of respondents. There was weak positive correlation between knowledge and practice (r =0.211).

Conclusions: This showed that the knowledge hadn’t been fully practiced into action by the community people and still they are lacking the concept of over-the-counter drugs and its safe use in daily living.

Keywords


Adults, Knowledge, Practice, Pharmacy, Prescription, Over-the-counter drugs

Full Text:

PDF

References


The World Safe Medication Industry. Healthcare, Self-care and Self-medication, 14 National surveys reveal many similarities in consumer practices. WSMI 1988. Available at http://www.wsmi.org/wp-content/data/pdf/wsmibro3.pdf. Accessed on 20 December 2016.

Hgiano F, Lee J, Tomghuang W, Chen S, Xinchen H. Survey of medication knowledge and behaviors among college students in Taiwan. Am J Pharma Edu. 2006;70(20):1-5.

American society on aging and American society of consultant pharmacist. Medication knowledge. Available at http://www.adultmed .com/assessment toosl-2html. Accessed on 23 March 2016.

Qato DM, Alexander GC, Conti RM. Use of prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements among older adults in the United States. JAMA. 2008;300(24):2867–78.

Over-the-counter Medicines: Medline Plus. Food and Drug Administration. Available from URL: http://www.nim.nih.gov/medlineplus/over the counter medicines.html. Accessed on 23 December 2016.

Shah NG, Lathrob SL, Reichard RR, Landen MG. Unintentional drug overdose death trends in New Mexico, USA, 1990-2005: combinations of heroin, cocaine, prescription opioids and alcohol. Addiction. 2008;103(1):126-36.

Rockhold KC. Report on Tulare Country Drug Court (Porterville), California. Justice Programme Office. Available from URL: http://jpo.wrlc.org/.../

Recommendations%20Regarding%20Development%20o. Accessed on 20 January 2017.

Kafle KK, Madden JM, Shrestha AD, Karkee SB, Das PL, Pradhan YM, Quick JD. Can licensed drug sellers contribute to safe motherhood? A survey of the treatment of pregnancy related anemia in Nepal. Soc Sci Med. 1996;42(11):1577- 88.

Kuku K. Attitude and Practices towards Self Medication among residents of Ikeja, Lagos residents(dissertation). Available at http://www.

academia.edu/4161319/Attitude_and_Practices_towards_Self_Medication_among_residents_of_Ikeja_Lagos_residents. Accessed on 9th December 2016.

Ghosh A, Biswas , Mondal K, Haldar M, Biswas S. Study on knowledge and practices of over the counter medications among 2nd year medical students. World J Pharma Pharmaceu Sci. 2015;4(7):1074-81.

Kasabe GH, Tiwari SA, Ghongane BB. A survey of knowledge, attitude and practices of self-medication in Pune region. Int J Med Res Health Sci. 2015;4(4):811-6.

Dawane JS, Borole KD, Pandit VA, Salunkhe SD. Parents’ Knowledge, attitude and Perception about the commonly used drugs and their adverse drug reactions in Children. Int J Pharm Bio Sci. 2013;4(3):461-8.

M Maharjan, K Adhikari. Practices on Over the Counter Medication among Mothers of Under Five Aged Children Attending Child OPD at Friends of Shanta Bhawan, Boudha, Kathmandu. Health Prospect. 2011;10:19-21.

Manohar HD, Manohar HL. Impact of Knowledge and Attitude on Practices of Over the counter medications. IEOM Soc. 2015;10-11:775-84

Hassali MA, Shafie AA, Al-Quazaz, Tambyappa J, Palaian S, Hariraj V. Self-medication practices among adult population attending community pharmacies in Malaysia: an exploratory study. Int J Clin Pharm. 2011; 33(5):794-9.

Sanjeev B. Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India. Australas Med J. 2012;5(4):217–20.

Babatunde OA, Fadare JO, Ojo OJ, Durowade KA, Atoyebi OA, Ajayi PO, et al. Self-medication among health workers in a tertiary institution in South-West Nigeria. The Pan African Med J. 2016;24:312.

Hsiao F, Jen-Ai L, Weng-Foung H. Survey of medication knowledge and behaviours among college students in Taiwan. Am J Pharmaceutical Edu. 2006;70(2):30.

Bhambhani G, Saxena V, Bhambal A, Saxena S, Pandya P, Kothari S. Self-medication practice amongst patients visiting tertiary care Dental Hospital in Central India. Oral Health Prev Dental. 2015;13(5):411-6.

Azhar MIM, Gunasekaran K, Kadirvelu A, Gurtu S, Sadasivan S, Kshatriya BM. Self-medication: Awareness and Attitude among Malaysian Urban Population. Int J Collaborative Res Internal Med Public Health. 2013;5(6):436-43.

Gupta UK, Gupta CD, Patel JR. Assessment of awareness and attitudes towards over-the-counter drugs amongst urban population: A Questionaire-based study. Res J Pharmaceutical Biol Chemical Sci. 2012;3(2):1037.

Sharif SI, Bugaighis LMT, Sharif RS. Self-Medication Practice among Pharmacists in UAE. Pharmacol Pharm. 2015;6:428-35.

Azhar MIM, Gunasekaran K, Kadirvelu A, Gurtu S, Sadasivan S, Kshatriya BM. Self-medication: Awareness and Attitude among Malaysian Urban Population. Int J Collaborative Res Internal Med Public Health. 2013;5(6):436-43.