DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20182202

Knowledge and attitude towards voluntary blood donation among students from Mumbai University

Dnyanesh Limaye, Pooja Naik, Tejal Varekar, Priyanka Salunkhe, Chaitali Shah, Arlan Sydymanov, Vaidehi Limaye, Ravi Shankar Pitani, Sushama Sathe, Atul Kapadi, Gerhard Fortwengel

Abstract


Background: Blood is scarce; its demand far outweighs the supply. In addition to limited supply, the issue of safety especially with regard to the risk of transfusion transmissible infection is also an issue of utmost concern especially in the developing countries. Blood transfusion services in India have gained special significance in recent years and forms a vital part of national health care system. Voluntary Non-Remunerated Blood Donation (VNRBD) is the safest of all types of blood donations. One of the potential sources that can be tapped for blood donation is the young and physically fit students from educational institutions across India.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among students from Mumbai University, India during May–June 2017. Two hundred and fifty students were approached to participate in the study of which 201 agreed to participate (males: 104; females: 97). Pretested questionnaire was distributed and collected data was analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23.  

Results: High number of participants agreed about encouraging general public about voluntary blood donation (96%; 193/201), lack of awareness about VBD in general public (82%; 164/201). But not a single participant was able to respond to the knowledge part of the questionnaire with 100% accuracy. Almost all the participants had correct knowledge about blood groups (98%; 196/201) and blood matching need (195/201; 97%).

Conclusions: Participants showed good attitude but demonstrated poor knowledge about voluntary blood donation. Details about blood donation should be incorporated in the undergraduate curriculum and periodic awareness programs should be organized for students.


Keywords


Voluntary blood donation, University students, Knowledge, Attitude, Mumbai, India

Full Text:

PDF

References


Gillespie TW, Hillyer CD. Blood donors and factors impacting the blood donation decision. Transfus Med Rev. 2002;16:115-30.

Blood safety and availability. WHO. 2017. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs279/en/. Accessed on 11 April 2018.

Guidelines for blood donor selection and blood donor referral. Ministry of health and family welfare, India. 2017. Available from: http://naco. gov.in/sites/default/files/Letter%20reg.%20%20guidelines%20for%20blood%20donor%20selection%20%26%20referral%20-2017.pdf. Accessed on 11 April 2018.

Leikola J. Non-remunerated donations. Devel Biol Stds. 1993;81:51-6.

Ajzen I. The theory of planned behaviour. Organizational behaviour and human decision process. ELSEVIER. 1991;50(2):179-211.

Giles M, McClenahan C, Cairns E, Mallet J. An application of the theory of planned behaviour to blood donation: The importance of self-efficacy. Health Educ Res. 2004;19:380-91.

Damesyn MA, Glynn SA, Schreiber GB, Ownby HE, Bethel J, Fridey J, et al. Behavioral and infectious disease risks in young blood donors: Implications for recruitment. Transfusion. 2003;43:1596-603.

Raghuwanshi B, Pehlajani N, Sinha M. Voluntary Blood Donation among Students: A Cross-Sectional Study on Knowledge and Practice vs. Attitude. J Clin Diagnos Res. 2016;10(10):18-22.

Salaudeen A, Odeh E. Knowledge and behavior towards voluntary blood donation among students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria. Nigerian J Clin Pract. 2011;14(3):303–7.

Devi H, Laishram J, Shantibala K, Elangbam V. Knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of blood safety and donation. Indian Medical Gazette. 2012;145(1):1-5.

Amatya M, Prajapati R, Yadav S. Knowledge and practice of blood donation: a comparison between medical and nonmedical Nepalese students. Nepal Medical College J. 2012;14(4):283–6.

Demissie A. Knowledge, attitude and practice on voluntary blood donation and associated factors among Ambo University regular Students, Ambo Town, Ethiopia. J Community Med Health Educ. 2014;4(5):1-6.

Elias E, Mauka W, Philemon R, Damian DJ, Mahande MJ, Msuya SE. Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and factors associated with voluntary blood donation among university students in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. J Blood Transfusion. 2016;2016:8546803.

Benedict N, Usimenahon A, Alexander N, Isi A. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Voluntary Blood Donation among Physicians in a Tertiary Health Facility of a Developing Country. J Blood Disord Transfus. 2012;3(1):1-4.

Sharma A, Bhardwaj K, Singh Y. Knowledge about Blood Donation among Undergraduate Students of GMC, Patiala, Punjab, India. J Med Sci Clin Res. 2017;5(4):21057-62.

Kawsalya V, Vijayakumar R, Chidambaram R, Srikumar R, Reddy EP, Latha S, et al. A study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among medical students in Puducherry, India. Pakistan J Biol Sci. 2013:16(9):439-42.

Verma S, Sharma R, Sharma M, Pugazhendi S. Voluntary Blood Donation: Attitude and Practice among Indian Adults. J Community Med Health Educ. 2016;6(3):1-6.