Blood donation: a comparison between medical students and non-medical students


  • Muneer M. Musa Department of Community Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum state, Sudan
  • Kamil M. Shaaban Department of Community Medicine, University of Khartoum, Khartoum state, Sudan



Blood donation, Knowledge, Motivation, Sudan


Background: Voluntary blood donation represents the main source of blood in Sudan. While students are a potential source of blood, this study aim to address the knowledge, attitudes, barriers and motives of both medical and non-medical students in order to recruit them for donating blood to meet the demands of the patients.

Methods: A facility based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Khartoum University between January and March 2019.  Structured self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. The Data were analyzed by the Statistical Package for Social Science software version 23.  

Results: Of the total 308 students, 75% were medical students and 25% were non-medical. Only 34 (11%) had ever donated blood. 97.1% don’t donate regularly. 79.4% of the donations were voluntary. Males were significantly more donors than females (p value=000). Students had poor knowledge about blood donation requirements but demonstrated better knowledge regarding blood borne diseases. More medical students knew their blood group than non-medical students. Not being asked to be the most reported reason for not donating blood (55.1%). Most of the donors reported that a relative or a friend needs blood was their motivation factor to donate blood (64.7%).

Conclusions:Information about blood donation services and requirements should be available to the students. In addition, campaigns and educational sessions regarding the safety and demands of blood donation is crucial to address the fears and recruit students as eligible source of blood



Metrics Loading ...


Burzynski ES, Nam SL, Le VR. Barriers and motivations to voluntary blood donation in sub-Saharan African settings. ISBT Sci Series. 2016;0:1–9.

Mohammed H, Osman T. Voluntary Blood Donation among Medical Students in a Resource-limited country. J Public Health Dev Ctries. 2016;2(3):257-67.

Amatya M, Prajapati R, Yadav R. Knowledge and practice of blood donation: a comparison between medical and non-medical Nepalese students. Nepal Med Coll J. 2012;14(4):283-6.

World Health Organization. Blood safety and availability. Available at: Accessed on 27th September 2019.

Shaz BH, Demmons DG, Crittenden CP, Carnevale CV, Lee M, Burnett M, et al. Motivators and Barriers to Blood Donation in African American. NIH Public Access. 2009;41(3):191–7.

Salaudeen AG, Odeh E. Knowledge and behavior towards voluntary blood donation among students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 2011;14:303-7.

Safizadeh H, Pourdamghan N, Mohamadi B. University students awareness and attitude towards blood donation in Kerman City. Iranian J Blood Cancer. 2009;1:107.

Baig M, Habib H, Haji AH, Alsharief FT, Noor AM, Makki RG. Knowledge, misconceptions and motivations towards blood donation among university students in KSA. Pakistan J Med Sci. 2013;29:1295.

Giri PA, Phalke DB. Knowledge and attitude about blood donation amongst undergraduate students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences deemed university of central India. Ann Tropical Med Public Health. 2012;5:569.

Zito E, Alfieri S, Marconi M, Saturni V, Cremonesi G. Adolescents and blood donation: motivations, hurdles and possible recruitment strategies. Blood Transfus. 2012;10:45-58.

Gillespie TW, Hillyer CD. Blood donors and factors impacting the blood donation decision. Transfusion Medicine Reviews. 2002;16:115–30.

Steele WR, Schreiber GB, Guiltinan A, Nass C, Glynn SA, Wright DJ, Kessler D, et al. The role of altruistic behavior, empathetic concern, and social responsibility motivation in blood donation behavior. Transfusion. 2008;48:43-54.

Hupfer ME, Taylor DW, Letwin JA. Understanding Canadian student motivations and beliefs about giving blood. Transfusion. 2005;45:149–61.

Bani M, Giussani B. Gender differences in giving blood: a review of the literature. Blood Transfus. 2010;8:278-87.

Glynn SA, Williams AE, Nass CC. Attitudes toward blood donation incentives in the United States: Implications for donor recruitment. Transfusion. 2003;43:7–16.






Original Research Articles