Determinant factors of maternal near miss in selected health facilities of Berak Woreda, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia


  • Bilal Abdulrazaq Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Addis Ababa
  • Mulusew Getahun Department of Immunology, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa
  • Ahmed Mohammed Department of Public Health, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa
  • Shemsu Kedir Department of Diagnostic and Public Health Microbiology, Ethiopia Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa
  • Negash Nurahmed Department of Diagnostic and Public Health Microbiology, Ethiopia Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa
  • Yemane Abrha Department of Applied Genetics, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa
  • Awad Mohammed Department of Diagnostic and Public Health Microbiology, Ethiopia Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa
  • Zerihun Kura Department of Public Health, Jimma university, Jimma



Maternal near miss, Complication, Outcome, Near miss events


Background: Maternal near miss is one of the related concepts to maternal mortality where women survive merely by chance, luck, or by good hospital care. The present study was aimed to fill the prevailing knowledge gap on maternal near miss ratio and events and identify factors associated with near miss in selected health facilities of berak woreda. To determine associated factors of maternal near miss in selected health facilities of Berak woreda, Oromia national regional state, Ethiopia.  

Methods: Institutional based case control study was conducted in selected health facilities of barek woreda to asses determinant factors of maternal near miss among delivered women. Data of 1272 (344 cases and 928 controls) women were included in the analysis registered from 11 September 2014 to 30 March 2018. Cases were women due to severe acute maternal morbidity while controls were women for normal labor. Simple random sampling technique was used in the delivery unit. The data were collected using WHO standard tool. Data were entered using epi data version 3.1 and exported to SPSSV.20 for data analysis.  

Results: Majority of cases were due to obstructed labor 270 (78.8%) followed by hemorrhage 33 (9.6%), preeclampsia 29 (8.14%), abortion 6 (1.74%), anemia 3 (0.87%), congenital heart disease 2 (0.58%) and gestational infection 1 (0.29%).

Conclusions: Independent variables residence, duration of labor, ANC utilization, past obstetrics complication and number of live births were statistically significant with the outcome variable near miss. Maternal health policy needs to be concerned preventing major cause of near miss.


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