DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20203113

Assessment of back pain and disability status among automotive industry workers, in Ethiopia

Wondosen Hailu, Mulusew Getahun, Ahmed Mohammed, Negash Nurahmed, Zemachu Ashuro, Shemsu Kedir, Ansha Nega, Yared Mamushet

Abstract


Background: Back pain is a very common public health problem in the manufacturing industry and a major cause of disability that affects work performance and wellbeing. Currently, manufacturing sectors in Ethiopia, including automotive manufacturing is growing well but there is poor culture of work place safety. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of back pain and disability status at Bishoftu automotive industry workers.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 412 workers in a period of February to May 2018. Simple random sampling technique was applied to select participants. Data was collected by face-to-face interview using standard Nordic and Oswestry back pain disability index tools. Analysis was done by using SPSS version 24. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine associations.  

Results: Prevalence of work related back pain among automotive production factory workers during last 12 months and last seven days were 51.7% and 25% respectively and related disability was 87%. The risk factors of the work related back pain that were identified include; work experience (11-15 years) AOR: 0.02, 95% CI (0.001-0.46), tasks that involve bending and twisting AOR: 2.03, 95% CI (1.19-3.45) and lifting of heavy loads AOR: 4.89, 95% CI (2.83-8.47).

Conclusions: High prevalence of back pain among automotive industry workers was seen. Furthermore, this study verified workers with back pain and more specifically those working in tasks that involve with the identified associated risk factors were suffer from disability. The problem should need more attention to promote the health and safety of workers.


Keywords


Back pain, Lower back pain, Upper back pain, Disability

Full Text:

PDF

References


Punnett L, Utun PA, Nelson DI, Fingerhut MA, Leigh J, Tak S, et al. Estimating the global burden of low back pain attributable to combined occupational exposures. Am J Industrial Med. 2005;48(6):459-69.

Hoy D, March L, Brooks P, Blyth F, Woolf A, Bain C, et al. The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study. Annals Rheumatic Diseases. 2014;73(6):968-74.

Murray CJ, Vos T, Lozano R, Naghavi M, Flaxman AD, Michaud C, et al. Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for 291 diseases and injuries in 21 regions, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012;380(9859):2197-223.

Lee PE, Helewa AN, Goldsmith CH, Smythe HA, Stitt LW. Low back pain: prevalence and risk factors in an industrial setting. J Rheumatology. 2001;28(2):346-51.

Miranda H, Juntura VE, Punnett L, Rihimaki H. Occupational loading, health behaviour and sleep disturbance as predictors of low-back pain. Scandinavian J Work Environment Health. 2008:411-9.

Jamdade B, Shimpi A, Rairikar S. Factors Predisposing to Work Related Low Back Pain in Automobile Industry Workers: A Hypothesis. J Medical Thesis. 2015;3(2):26.

Isa NS, Deros BM, Sahani M, Ismail AR. Physical activity and low back pain among automotive industry workers in Selangor. Malaysian J Public Health Med. 2014;14(2):34-44.

Andersson GB. Epidemiological features of chronic low-back pain. Lancet. 1999;354(9178):581-5.

Hoy D, Bain C, Williams G, March L, Brooks P, Blyth F, et al. A systematic review of the global prevalence of low back pain. Arthritis Rheumatism. 2012;64(6):2028-37.

Rubin DI. Epidemiology and risk factors for spine pain. Neurologic clinics. 2007;25(2):353-71.

Clare HA, Adams R, Maher CG. A systematic review of efficacy of McKenzie therapy for spinal pain. Aust J Physiother. 2004;50(4):209-16.

Carey TS, Evans A, Hadler N, Kalsbeek W, Laughlin MC, Fryer J. Care-seeking among individuals with chronic low back pain. Spine. 1995;20(3):312-7.

Curwin S, Allt J, Szpilfogel C, Makrides L. The Healthy LifeWorks Project: the effect of a comprehensive workplace wellness program on the prevalence and severity of musculoskeletal disorders in a Canadian government department. J Occupational Environmental Med. 2013;55(6):628-33.

Waters T, Occhipinti E, Colombini D, Casado AE, Fox R. Variable Lifting Index (VLI) A New Method for Evaluating Variable Lifting Tasks. Human Factors. 2016;58(5):695-711.

Velazquez L, Bello D, Munguia N, Zavala A, Marin A, Eraso MR. A survey of environmental and occupational work practices in the automotive refinishing industry of a developing country: Sonora, Mexico. Int J Occupational Environmental Health. 2008;14(2):104-11.

Gilgil E, Kacar C, Butun B, Tuncer T, Urhan S, Yildirim C, et al. Prevalence of low back pain in a developing urban setting. Spine. 2005;30(9):1093-8.

Kumie A, Amera T, Berhane K, Samet J, Hundal N, Michael FG, et al. Occupational health and safety in Ethiopia: a review of situational analysis and needs assessment. Ethiopian J Health Development. 2016;30(1):17-27.

Dionne CE, Dunn KM, Croft PR. Does back pain prevalence really decrease with increasing age: a systematic review. Age Ageing. 2006;35(3):229-34.

Fairbank JC, Couper J, Davies JB, Brien OJP. The Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire. Physiotherapy. 1980;66(8):271-3.

Girma Z. Assessing the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders and associated factors among workers in selected garments in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Addis Ababa university thesis report; 2016.

Panahi R, Muhamadi B, Danesh KA, Irani MR, Mostafavi F, Javadi O. Low Back Pain and Related Disability among Students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Iran. Int J Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention. 2016;1(1):17-21.

Anita AR, Kedir HS. Association between Awkward Posture and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) among Assembly Line Workers in an Automotive Industry. Malaysian J Med Health Sci. 2014;10(10):23-8.

Anita AR, Yazdani A, Hayati KS, Adon MY. Association between awkward posture and musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) among assembly line workers in an automotive industry. Malaysian J Med Health Sci. 2014;10(10):23-8.

Omidianidost A, Hosseini S, Jabari M, Poursadeghiyan M, Dabirian M, Charganeh S, et al. The relationship between individual, occupational factors and LBP (low back pain) in one of the auto parts manufacturing workshops of Tehran in 2015. J Engineering Applied Sci. 2016;11(5):1074-7.

Murtezani A. Low back pain among Kosovo power plant workers: a survey. Italian J Public Health. 2012;9(4).

Yang H, Haldeman S, Lu ML, Baker D. Low back pain prevalence and related workplace psychosocial risk factors: a study using data from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. J Manipulative Physiological Therapeutics. 2016;39(7):459-72.

Zungu LI. A comparative study of the prevalence and risk factors of lower back pain among aircraft technicians in Ethiopian airlines. Occupational Health Southern Africa. 2015;21(2):18-23.

Heneweer H, Staes F, Aufdemkampe G, Rijn VM, Vanhees L. Physical activity and low back pain: a systematic review of recent literature. European Spine J. 2011;20(6):826-45.

Carey TS, Evans AT, Hadler NM, Lieberman G, Kalsbeek WD, Jackman AM, et al. Acute severe low back pain: a population-based study of prevalence and care-seeking. Spine. 1996;21(3):339-44.

Barros DEN, Alexandre NM. Cross‐cultural adaptation of the Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire. Int Nursing Review. 2003;50(2):101-8.

Fairbank JC, Couper J, Davies JB, Brien OJP. The Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire. Physiotherapy. 1980;66(8):271-3.

Ghaffari M. Low back pain among industrial workers: Occupational health studies on prevalence, incidence, and associations with work and lifestyle in IR Iran. Institutional for folkhalsovetenskap/Department of Public Health Sciences; 2007:23.

Yitayeh A, Mekonnen S, Fasika S, Gizachew M. Annual Prevalence of Self-Reported Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders and Associated Factors among Nurses Working at Gondar Town Governmental Health Institutions, Northwest Ethiopia. Emerg Med. 2015;5(227):2.

Araujo SP, Carvalho LN, Martins ES. Lower back pain and level of disability amongst construction workers. Fisioterapia Em Movimento. 2016;29(4):751-6.

Souza DLH, Frank AO. Experiences of living with chronic back pain: the physical disabilities. Disability and rehabilitation. 2007;29(7):587-96.

Salvetti MD, Pimenta CA, Braga PE, Correa CF. Disability related to chronic low back pain: prevalence abd associated factors. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP; 2012.

Gbiri CA, Osho AO, Olumiji A. Prevalence, pattern and impact of work-related musculoskeletal disorders on functional performance of welders in a nigeria rural-urban center. J Occupational Health Epidemiology. 2012;1(2):87-94.

Murtezani A, Ibrahim Z, Sllamniku S, Sherifi S. Prevalence and risk factors for low back pain in industrial workers. Folia Medica. 2011;53(3):68-74.