Incidence of cesarean delivery after induction of labor with intravenous oxytocin drip among women undergoing induction of labor at Dessie referral hospital, Northeast Ethiopia, 2017
Keywords:Incidence, Cesarean delivery, Induction of labor
Background: The number of delivering women undergoing an induction of labor is greater than 20% and continues to rise. Simultaneously, the cesarean delivery rate continues to increase as well. This increase has resulted from evidence-based recommendations on how to handle certain conditions. Labor induction has been associated with increased likelihood of cesarean birth for some groups of women.
Methods: Institutional based retrospective cross sectional study was conducted on 319 women medical chard who undergone induction of labor with oxytocin infusion at Dessie referral hospital. Systematic sampling techniques was used to select the samples. The data was cleaned, edited, coded, and entered in to EPI INFO version 3.5 and exported and analyzed by SPSS with windows version 20.0.
Results: A total of 319 delivery records were reviewed. Out of this 256 (80.3%) was successful induction of labor. Incidence of cesarean section after induction of labor with oxytocin infusion among women at Dessie referral hospital was 136 (42.6%). The most frequent cause of induction of labor was due to hypertensive disorder 133 (41.7%) followed by pre labor rupture of membrane 111 (34.8%). Cesarean section was done due to failed induction of labor 63 (19.7%) followed by fetal distress 40 (12.5%).
Conclusions: In present study incidence of cesarean delivery after induction of labor was 42.6%. Most frequent cause of induction of labor was due to hypertensive disorder followed by pre-labor rupture of membrane. Cesarean section was done due to failed induction of labor followed by fetal distress.
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