A study on knowledge and practices regarding mosquito borne diseases in Rithala village, New Delhi


  • Yachna Setu Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3159-6495
  • Anika Sulania Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi
  • Satyavir Singh Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi




Mosquito borne diseases, Dengue, Malaria, Community


Background: Despite various continuous efforts by the government, mosquito borne diseases (MBDs) like dengue and malaria are still a public health problem. Awareness and knowledge about the risk of mosquito bite and source reduction can prevent the transmission of these diseases. The present study was done to assess the awareness of rural population about MBDs and preventive measures against mosquito bite and personal preventive measures (PPMs) taken by them. Objective of the study was to assess the knowledge about Mosquito borne diseases and to identify the utilization pattern of personal preventive measures for mosquito control.

Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was carried out among adult rural population of Rithala village, New Delhi by systematic random sampling and were interviewed by using semi-structured, pretested and predesigned questionnaire. Data analysis was done by using SPSS version 22.

Results: It was observed that 92.21% (188/204) of study participants were aware of mosquito borne diseases and majority were aware of dengue i.e., 87.25% (178/204). The most common source of information about mosquito borne diseases was television 60.78% (124/204). One or the other PPMs were used by 86.76% (177/204) and most commonly used PPMs was liquid vaporizers i.e., 43.13% (88/204).

Conclusions: There is a gap between knowledge of MBDs and use of PPMs so there is a need to educate rural population about all MBDs, their different mosquito breeding site and other less common methods of PPMs.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Yachna Setu, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi


Department of Community Medicine

Anika Sulania, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi

Community Medicine

Satyavir Singh, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi

Community Medicine


A global brief on vector-borne diseases. World Health Organization. Vector‑Borne Diseases Report. 2014;9. Available at: http://www.who.int. Accessed 15 April 2020.

Vector-borne diseases. WHO. 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/vector-borne-diseases. Accessed 15 April 2020.

Anon. The American mosquito control association. 2019. Available at: https://www.mosuito.org. Accessed 13 April 2020.

Mosquito-borne diseases. World Health Organization. 2020. Available from: https://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/vector_ecology/mosquito-borne-diseases/en/. Accessed 13 April 2020.

India M. Home. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP). Nvbdcp.gov.in. 2020. Available from: https://nvbdcp.gov.in/index.php. Accessed 20 April 2020.

Nagaraj J, Vijayapushpam T, Gayathri K, Balusamy, Mahesh Rajan H, Vijayaprabha R. A historical comparative research on vector borne disease: An Indian scenario. Int J Mosquito Res. 2018;5(6):15.

Malaria disease. Nvbdcp.gov.in. Available from: https://nvbdcp.gov.in/WriteReadData/l892s/20217657381586769254.pdf. 2020. Accessed 20 April 2020

Shepard D, Halasa Y, Tyagi B, Adhish S, Nandan D, Karthiga K et al. Economic and Disease Burden of Dengue Illness in India. Am J Trop Med Hygiene. 2014;91(6):1235.

Dengue disease. Nvbdcp.gov.in. 2020. Available from: https://nvbdcp.gov.in/WriteReadData/l892s/20217657381586769254.pdf. Accessed 20 April 2020.

Kaur N, Jain J, Kumar A, Narang M, Zakaria MK, Marcello A et al. Chikungunya outbreak in Delhi, India, 2016: report on coinfection status and comorbid conditions in patients. Microb new infect. 2017;20:39-42.

Singh T, Sharma S, Nagesh S. Socio-economic status scales updated for 2017. Int J Res Med Sci. 2017;5(7):3266.

Al-Dubai SAR. Factors affecting dengue fever: knowledge, attitudes and practices among selected urban, semi-urban and rural communities in Malaysia. Southeast Asian J trop med pub health. 2013;44(1):37.

Sharma A, Gupta V, Khandelwal A. The knowledge, attitude and practices regarding commonly occurring mosquito borne diseases among people in catering area of urban health and training center. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017;4(8):2864.

Singh RK, Haq S, Dhiman RC. Studies on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices in Malaria Endemic Tribal Areas of Bihar and Jharkhand, India. J Trop Dis. 2013;1(3):110.

Verma R, Bhalla K, Dhankar M, Kumar R, Dhaka R, Agrawal G. Practices and knowledge regarding dengue infection among the rural community of Haryana. J Family Med Pri care. 2019;8:1752.

Chellaiyan VG, Manoharan A, Ramachandran M. Knowledge and awareness towards dengue infection and its prevention: a cross sectional study from rural area of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Community Med Pub Health. 2017;4:494.

Mohapatra S, Aslami AN. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding dengue fever among general patients of a rural tertiary-care hospital in Sasaram, Bihar. Int J Community Med Pub Health. 2016;3:586.

Koduri VN, Kusneniwar GN. Awareness about Mosquito Borne Diseases and Practice about Preventive Methods Against Mosquito Bite in Rural Field Practice Area of a Tertiary Care Teaching Institute, Telangana State. J Med clin res. 2018;6(2):512.

Mayur V, Umed P, Nirav J, Dipesh Z, Chirag B, Ankit V. Knowledge and Practices regarding commonly occurring mosquito borne diseases among people of urban and rural areas of Rajkot District, Gujarat. J Res Med Dental Sci. 2013;1(2):46.

Malhotra G, Yadav A. Knowledge, awareness and practices regarding dengue among rural and slum communities in north Indian city, India. Int J Med Sci Pub Health. 2014;3(3):295.

Podder D, Paul B, Dasgupta A, Bandyopadhyay L, Pal A, Roy S. Community Perception and Risk Reduction Practices toward Malaria and Dengue: A Mixed‑Method Study in Slums of Chetla, Kolkata. Indian J Pub Health. 2019;63(3):178.

Oladepo O, Tona GO, Oshiname FO, Titiloye MA. Malaria knowledge and agricultural practices that promote mosquito breeding in two rural farming communities in Oyo State, Nigeria. Malaria J. 2010;9(91):1.

Soleimani-Ahmadi M, Vatandoost H, Zare M, Alizadeh A, Salehi M. Community knowledge and practices regarding malaria and long-lasting insecticidal nets during malaria elimination programme in an endemic area in Iran. Malarial J. 2014;13:511.

Belay M, Deressa W. Use of insecticide treated nets by pregnant women and associated factors in a pre-dominantly rural population in northern Ethiopia. Trop Med Int Health. 2008;13(10):1303.






Original Research Articles