Elucidative epidemiological study in female cancer patients


  • Manaswini Pittala Department of Pharmacy Practice, Balaji Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Warangal, Telangana, India
  • Juveria Tarannum Department of Pharmacy Practice, Balaji Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Warangal, Telangana, India
  • Deekshitha Ch Department of Pharmacy Practice, Balaji Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Warangal, Telangana, India
  • Pratap Reddy B. Department of Oncology, St. Ann's Cancer, Warangal, Telangana, India
  • Shyam Sunder A. Department of Pharmacy Practice, Balaji Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Warangal, Telangana, India




Cancer, Lactation, Reproductive factors, Menarche, Menopause


Background: As cases of cancer in women are increasing day to day, it is mandatory to assess risk factors associated with female cancer patients. Our study is designed to elucidate different reproductive factors associated with female cancer patients attending hospital.

Methods: 200 female patients who attended the hospital with cancer are studied by asking questions directly to patients following a standard questionnaire regarding reproductive factors like age at menarche, age at first child birth, age at first sexual intercourse, breastfeeding, age at menopause. It was a Retrospective study analyzed via MS Excel calculations.  

Results: In this study it explains that in female cancer cases, mostly patients were seen having early menarche, also women were in menopause stage mostly, and mostly lactating mothers with breast feeding frequency up to 1-2 years are seen. It also explains that in female cancer cases, women mostly had young maternal age at first child, with carcinoma of cervix and carcinoma of breast reported mostly.

Conclusions: In this study we conclude that in females who have early menarche, women with early age at first sexual intercourse, age at first pregnancy, are strongly interrelated and have increased risk of carcinoma. The changes which result in relative risk of cancer associated with menopause are believed to be due to increase in body mass index (BMI), which makes adipose tissue the main site of estrogen production after menopause. Hence, identifying these factors which may be associated with the process of carcinogenesis development in females.


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