DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20212394

Meta-analysis on prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in India

Poongothai J. Sakthivel, Poornima P., Anantha Jothi S.

Abstract


Among various types of diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common type constituting 90% of the diabetic population. Out of several complications, cardiovascular disease (CVD) is predominant which leads to mortality. Various studies have reported different incidence rates of CVD in patients with type 2 DM. Hence, this meta-analysis study is aimed at determining the prevalence of CVD in patients with type 2 DM in India. In this review, studies were extracted by searching databases from PubMed, ScienceDirect, Google Scholar and Web of Science published between 2001 and 2021. The data collected from the extracted studies were analysed using comprehensive meta-analysis software which employs random effect model to combine the studies.  17 studies reviled 21.1% (95% CI: 17.9-24.7%) prevalence of cardiovascular CVDs in patients with type 2 DM in India. It is evident from literature review that women with DM are more prone CVD. If it is instituted that CVD is a major risk factor for DM in India, suitable scheme should be followed to improve the status of DM patients and should be brought to the note of hospitals.


Keywords


Diabetics mellitus, CVD, Dyslipedemia, Obesity

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