DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/issn.2454-2156.IntJSciRep20150352

Cross fused ectopic kidney a rare congenital malformation with review of literature

Tanveer Parvez Shaikh, Sharique Ansari, Thahir VU, Nisha Mandhane, Sangram Karandikar

Abstract


Crossed renal ectopia is one of the rarest urinary system anomalies. It is more often seen at autopsy than in clinical practice. Most cases of renal ectopia remain asymptomatic during life and are diagnosed incidentally. Renal ultrasonography, intravenous pyelography, computerized tomography, and renal scintigraphy (technetium-based tests) are the imaging methods used for diagnosis. Demonstration of crossed renal ectopia is important because it is a predisposing factor for obstruction, infection, and neoplasia of the urinary system. We report male patient who had unremarkable clinical findings. He had left-to-right inferior crossed renal ectopia with fusion. Surgeons should be aware of ectopic and fused kidneys to minimize perioperative complications because of the uncertain anatomy.


Keywords


Crossed fused renal ectopia, Urinary system anomalies, Ureter, Embryology, Renal anomaly

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References


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